Ipratropium (Atrovent)

on 19.1.09 with 0 comments

Action: anticholinergic (quaternary compound); bronchodilator

Indication: maintenance therapy of asthma, COPD and chronic bronchitis; tx of rhinitis and relief of rhinorrhea assoc. c common cold

Contraindicated: hypersensitivity to atropine and derivatives

Precautions: BPH, narrow-angle glaucoma, bladder neck obstruction (obstructive uropathy)

Route of Administration: pulmonary inhalation

Side effects: xerostomia, metallic-taste, palpitations, cough, hoarseness, drying of bronchial secretions, mucosal ulcers, nasal dryness

Dental aspects: advise pt to rinse mouth with water after each inhalation to minimize xerostomia and other oral complications; drug is not used for treating acute asthmatic attack.

Category: Pharmacology Notes



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